Professor Tim Ensor
Tim Ensor is Professor of International Health Systems Research at the University of Leeds and former Head of the Nuffield Centre for International Health & Development. Between 2013 and 2016 was Director of the Leeds Institute of Health Sciences. He now co-leads the University of Leeds multidisciplinary Global Health theme. He is a health economist with more than 25 years of experience in teaching, research and consultancy in more than 30 low and middle-income countries. He has been Principal Consultant, Health Economics at Oxford Policy Management since 2003 and before that head of the International Programme at Centre for Health Economics, University of York. He spent two years as a senior economist in the Health Economics Unit, Ministry of Health Bangladesh. Most of his research and consultancy relates to health financing including sources of funding, allocation, finance, costing of services, informal health care markets and equity analysis. Recent work includes quasi-experimental evaluations of health financing policies in Cambodia, Zambia and Sierra Leone. He has written extensively on health financing issues in academic journals, lay publications, research papers and reports for funding agencies. His is regularly asked to advise international agencies including World Bank, EU, DFID, WHO and ADB. He is on the Public Health research panel for Swiss Development Cooperation R4D.
Country experience: Cyprus, Nigeria, Turkey, Romania, Thailand, Vietnam, Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Kenya, Brazil, Bangladesh, China, Serbia, Bulgaria, Nepal, India, Tajikistan, Cambodia, Ghana, Indonesia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Timor Leste, Zambia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
- Lead, Global Health Theme
Most of my research, consultancy and teaching has related to the financing of health in developing and transitional countries. This has included impact of different sources of funding, health accounts, the allocation of finance, costing of health services. Main areas of current research interest are:
- Informal health care economy – including theoretical and empirical aspects of unofficial health care payments.
- Includes development of a theoretical foundation for the phenomena of informal or unofficial health care payments in low and middle-income countries.
- Financing of maternal care - issues related to financing and provider payment mechanisms, sustainability of introducing skilled attendance and risk-sharing schemes.
- Evaluations of health financing policies particularly employing econometric, quasi-experimental evaluation methods using survey and HMIS data.
- Equity analysis of public sector subsidies – particularly in the context of sector-wide approaches, essential packages and their impact on the poor.
- Includes an investigation of the impact of essential packages of services on access and quality of services particularly on the poor.
A related interest is to investigate the impact of essential approaches on access to risk pooling for catastrophic care. Health insurance and other sources of funding – including the equity and institutional consequences of different funding options. Widespread research and advisory work on health funding options including feasibility and impact of alternative financing systems, methods of geographic allocation and payment of providers.
- BSc Economics
- MA Development Economics
- PhD Economics
Intercalated BSc Health Systems module leader
MPH/MSc Health Economics module leader
Health financing and economics sessions for masters courses
Research groups and institutes
- Leeds Institute of Health Sciences
- International health research
- Research at the Nuffield Centre of International Health and Development